Friday, February 15, 2019

The Hidden Gems of Student Surveys


What are the things a student does, or will do, to protect the Salish Sea? 


With the weather outside being what it is (hello, record-breaking snow!), the Port Townsend Marine Science Center has been a little sluggish over the past few days. What better time than now for me to pull out some hidden gems from our Free Science Class surveys? And to quiz you... (How many ways can YOU spell “recycle?”)

Like Marley Loomis mentioned in her last blog post, we set out to harness each group’s critical thinking skills when designing this year’s FSC curricula. This emphasis is especially apparent in comparing the students’ pre- and post-class surveys. The last question in both surveys asks about the student’s level of engagement in Salish Sea conservation: What are the things – if any – that the student does, or will do, to protect the Salish Sea?

That last question is one of the ways we track where we’ve made a meaningful difference with our students. Frequently, their first answer is hesitant or vague: “I recycle” or “I try not to litter” or sometimes even “nothing.” By the time they fill out their post-class surveys – after a full day of FSC programming – their answers are clear, specific, and more often than not reflect some of the concepts they’ve been wrestling with during their classes.



Hesitant pre-class answers often sound more confident after a day of PTMSC programming! 

A common pre-class survey answer is that our students protect the Salish Sea by not throwing trash directly into our waters:
  • “What I do is I never throw trash in the ocean, only in the trash.” 
  • “I don’t throw stuff in the ocean.” 
  • “I do not throw garbage in the Salish Sea.” 
One of the big focuses for our TownQuest class, then, is to show students that trash can enter our waterways from any point within our Salish Sea watershed. Reducing marine debris in the Salish Sea means changing our behavior everywhere, not just on beaches and shorelines.

And, so, in the post-class surveys, we get a slightly different spin:

  • “[I won’t] litter on roads, at beaches, and at places where it might get in the ocean.” 
  • “I will always search for trash cans.” 
  • “I will make sure that [I] pick up any garbage that [I] see.” 

One of my favorite responses. #2 ("stop spilling trash when I take it out") and #3 ("take trash out when it is not windy") show great understanding of the pathways that trash can use to get from our homes to our waterways. 

Another big point we make sure to emphasize is that recycling is not the be-all, end-all solution for preventing marine debris. The phrase “reduce, reuse, recycle” is in order of importance and overall impact. So, in our pre-class surveys, we see a lot of students saying:
  • “I try and keep the ocean clean by recycling.” 
  • “I recycle trash.” 
  • “I put things in the trash or recycle when I use it so it doesn’t get wasted.” 
And afterwards, the emphasis skews strongly to the reducing/reusing side of the three Rs:
  • “[I] will reuse all of the stuff that [I] can. [I won’t] use plastic bags when [I’m at] the check-out of a store.” 
  • “I will reuse my trash and reduce.” 
  • “I will try not to use plastic as much.” 
The last big point we emphasize is that conservation actions do not happen in a vacuum. The easiest way to magnify one’s impact is take action with other people.

For the most part, this isn’t something our students are thinking about when they walk through our doors. Many of the “green” actions that get drilled into us are framed as individual actions: You should recycle. You should pick up trash, and limit your consumption of single-use plastics.

But research shows us that people are much more likely to stick to a new behavior if they have a group of people holding them accountable to it.

This concept is frequently echoed in their post-class surveys:

  • “[I will] gather a group to pick up trash.” 
  • “I will help people and let them know to not litter.” 
  • “I will try not to litter and if I see someone drop something, I’ll tell them.” 

This response is worth it just for the drawings. But also worth noting is the call to group actions: through education (signs), and talking about these issues with your friends. 








As an educator, it’s incredibly rewarding to see these points hit home with our students!

At the end of each program, the AmeriCorps staff will gather together and “grade” the day’s surveys. (I use the term “grading” loosely here: right and wrong means less to this process than demonstrated improvement.) It’s one of my favorite parts of the program: A chance to self-reflect as a teacher coupled with the opportunity to see the evolution in each student’s thinking.

With just about a month left for this program, I’m looking forward to seeing where the next round of surveys take us. And - because you have to take some joy in interpreting elementary school handwriting - I’m looking forward to seeing how many more ways our students can spell “recycle” before time runs out!

Right now, my very unscientific list is at 35... (Current favorite: Reslacool.)

Written by AmeriCorps Natural History Educator Ellie Kravets.

Monday, February 11, 2019

Monitoring for Sea Star Wasting Disease

Starting in 2013, sea star wasting disease (SSWD) has now adversely impacted over 20 species of sea stars along the west coast of North America, ranging all the way from Alaska to Mexico. In some areas, this disease has wiped out over 90 percent of certain sea star populations, and continues to affect them to this day.

Although researchers have been studying this phenomenon for many years now, there is still much to learn. We still don’t entirely understand how the disease is directly contracted in the first place, or how the disease may be transmitted to other individuals. However, the symptoms of sea star wasting disease tend to be obvious.

A sea star that has contracted SSWD may start to form white lesions across its body. As the disease progresses, the sea star may adopt a deflated appearance and begin to lose its limbs. This process is often described as the sea star “melting” or “wasting away,” which aptly gives the disease its name.

In addition to not fully understanding the disease, another issue that makes SSWD so problematic is the fact that it progresses rapidly. After contracting the disease, a sea star may only live for a matter of days.

Severely diseased Mottled star
A wasting mottled star. Photo credit: Michael Kyte
 In order to gain a better understanding of SSWD, the Multi-Agency Rocky Intertidal Network (MARINe) has been with working with citizen science groups along the west coast to document the distribution and severity of this disease. Beginning in February 2014, Port Townsend Marine Science Center has been contributing to this effort through quarterly monitoring of sea stars on Indian Island.

Every three months, citizen science volunteers from PTMSC meet at Indian Island County Park to count, measure and check for signs of SSWD for all ochre (Pisaster ochraceus) and mottled stars (Evasterias troschelii) within a set of fixed plots. When it comes time to survey, we select a day and time that has a low tide of -1.3 feet or lower, as that exposes enough of the plots to be able to count all of the sea stars within them.

When we encounter an ochre or mottled star, we measure the distance from the center of its body to its longest arm, and this gives us an idea as to how old the sea star might be. This is important because it might be able to tell us how the population is doing.

For example, if we encounter a large number of smaller sea stars, then it indicates that there was a successful spawning event and that there could potentially be many new recruits to the population.

Additionally, for every sea star that we encounter, we assign it to one of three disease categories: healthy, mild, or severe. This is determined by the immediate physical symptoms displayed by the sea star.

For example, if it has only a few lesions, we would label it as “mild.” However, if it appeared deflated and had multiple limbs missing, then it would qualify as “severe.”

A wasting ochre star. Photo credit: Melissa Miner
I first became involved with this project when I helped organize and participate in our last survey in December. Because it occurred so late in the year, the best low tides were late in the evening, around 10 p.m. to be more specific. This was an especially nice survey to participate in, as we observed a significant number of small mottled stars, which is a fantastic sign that their population could begin to bounce back.

Our next survey will occur this month, on February 19. I’m eager to see if we can observe even more that last time!

A section of the plot on Indian Island, late at night. Photo credit: Michael Siddel
By working with such a large consortium of citizen science groups along the west coast, MARINe is able to gain a more comprehensive understanding of SSWD in terms of its distribution, severity and how various populations of sea stars have responded. As we continue to gather information and learn more about this disease, we will become better equipped to deal with the issue and ensure that our sea stars populations have a chance at recovery.

Written by Michael Siddel, Citizen Science Educator AmeriCorps Member

Saturday, February 9, 2019

Summer Camps 2019 are OPEN!


Join us for a wet, sandy, adventurous, fun-filled week! Check out 2019 camps at ptmsc.org/camps.

Online Registration:

To register your child for a PTMSC Summer Camp, please click on one of the camps listed on our camps page. You will be directed to the online registration form. Fill out this form once for each child per camp. Payment in full is requested upon completion of the online registration form.

PTMSC members receive $10 off each registration (use promo code MEMBER when registering). If you are not yet a member, we invite you to join today to enjoy this and many other members-only benefits!

Questions?

If you have questions about any aspect of camp, please email us at camps@ptmsc.org or call us at 360-385-5582 ext 120.

Scholarships are available to those who qualify.


PTMSC Cancellation Policy for Day Camp:

In the event that you can’t make it to camp, PTMSC is happy to refund 75% of the full cost of camp retaining a 25% cancellation fee provided the cancellation request is made at least 30 days prior to the start of camp. After that date, no refunds are made.

Monday, February 4, 2019

Low Tide Walk at Night

Monday, February 18th
7 pm - 8:30pm
low tide @ 8:56 pm (-2.0ft)

North Beach County Park, Port Townsend
FREE (donations accepted)

Find out what marine critters get up to after dark!
Join us for a guided low tide walk led by PTMSC staff and volunteers

Bring: Weather-appropriate clothing, flashlight and/or headlamp

Parking is limited; please carpool

Please RSVP to Marley Loomis
at mloomis@ptmsc.org or call (360) 385-5582 x 115

Friday, February 1, 2019

Free Science Classes for Local Schools

Winter Classes Teach Students About Conservation and the Salish Sea


Since 2008, the AmeriCorps members at the Port Townsend Marine Science Center have coordinated free science classes (FSC), a grant-funded winter program that offers free classes and bus fares to schools within about an hour’s drive of Port Townsend. We reach out mainly to schools with a higher percentage of students on free or reduced-price lunches, which otherwise might not have the chance to visit our exhibits.

The goal of this program is to introduce and inspire conservation of the Salish Sea to students from the area. This year, AmeriCorps Natural History Educator Ellie Kravets took the lead on coordinating the FSC logistics.

Each class that attends takes part in one class in the museum and one in the aquarium. This year, Ellie, Mandi Johnson, Michael Siddel and I decided to design two new curricula for the classes. Both of them require a high level of participation from the class to get students excited about the material.

Ellie Kravets and students in the TownQuest class discussing how plastics can harm animals.
Photo by PTMSC staff. 

The museum class, “TownQuest: A Salish Sea Adventure,” features a “choose your own adventure” style activity in which the students make decisions as townspeople. Their decisions impact the amount of plastic waste in the Salish Sea, the morale of their fellow townspeople, or both. Students utilize their critical thinking skills to come to decisions about how to minimize and solve environmental challenges.

Students working on their "Adaptation Scavenger Hunt"
in the aquarium for the Invertebrates class.
Photo by PTMSC staff. 
The aquarium class, “Invent an Invertebrate,” focuses on various  marine invertebrates’ adaptations that help them survive in their habitat. Students learn about the adaptations, see them in the aquarium, and then invent their own invertebrate by buying various adaptations with “sand dollars.”

The final piece of the FSC puzzle is the group of volunteers that help us with each class. We wouldn’t be able to keep all of the kids engaged and focused without their help!

This is the 12th year that PTMSC has held these classes for schools in the area. Prior to this year, the program had reached 7,325 students with an average of 665 students per year. We currently have 650 students enrolled for this year, with the possibility of adding an additional 100 students from one more school.

One of my favorite parts of this program is comparing the pre- and post-FSC surveys—something that each of the students fills out to show what they learned during our classes. I love seeing their ideas about how they are going to make a difference by being more thoughtful about plastic reduction and making sustainable choices.

With five weeks of classes left to go, I’m excited to continue showing students how interesting our environment is and helping them to see that it is worth saving!

Written by AmeriCorps Aquarium Educator Marley Loomis.

Saturday, January 26, 2019

MLK Day of Service: A Day On, Not a Day Off!

“Everybody can be great...because anybody can serve. You don't have to have a college degree to serve. You don't have to make your subject and verb agree to serve. You only need a heart full of grace. A soul generated by love.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

Our four Americorps members. Photo credit: Wendy Feltham

This year, the Port Townsend Marine Science Center held its eighth annual Martin Luther King Jr. Day of Service “Weedpull.” This event is inspired by Dr. King’s example to serve the community. Thus, our four Americorps staff organize this activity inspired by the idea of “a day on, not a day off.”

Every year, we join forces with other local organizations like the Native Plant Society and the Friends of Fort Worden to discuss which area of Fort Worden State Park and species of invasive weed should be targeted. Once that is decided, the parks staff helps by providing transportation and disposal of the organic waste.

Local high school students involved in the Youth Environmental Stewards program.
Photo credit: Wendy Feltham

Monday, Jan. 21 was a lovely breeze-less day, with the sun even making an appearance, peeking out from behind the clouds. We had an amazing turn out of PTMSC and FFW volunteers, as well as many first timers. More than 40 individuals offered up their time.

Doug Rogers, excited to be done and cleaning up tools in the beautiful sunshine.
 Photo credit: Wendy Feltham
As a group, we conquered two large zones of invasive beach grass (ammophila) that have been present for many years. Each year the size of the patch gets smaller and smaller. With the intensity of our volunteers this year, we were able to completely clear the zone on the south side of the pier. It was a sight to see!

Volunteers tackling the dune grass patch near our pier.
Photo credit: Wendy Feltham

An event like this also provided the opportunity for public education. Several times we were questioned by individuals on what we were doing or why we were “making more beach.” We were able to educate people on the problem with invasive species in our environment. In addition, we explained how removing invasive plants provides native plants and the natural landscape the opportunity to flourish again.

It was remarkable to see the willingness of everyone who came out that day to get down in the sand and dig. I am constantly amazed by the talent and dedication of this community.

Thank you to the many organizations involved (see above) for their collaboration. It takes a team to tackle projects like this and it wouldn’t have turned out nearly as well as it did without their help and the amazing volunteers who turned out for the event!

Volunteers hard at work! Photo credit: Wendy Feltham
Written by Mandi Johnson, Americorps Volunteer Program Educator

Tuesday, January 15, 2019

(CANCELLED DUE TO STORM WARNING) Lecture: Seabirds and Marine Mammals of the Protection Island Aquatic Reserve

(CANCELLED DUE TO STORM WARNING)

Sunday, February 10

3 pm

Bob Boekelheide

The Fort Worden Chapel

Admission: $5

(students, teachers FREE)

Bob Boekelheide's lifelong interest has been in the ecology of marine vertebrates, particularly birds and mammals. Bob has an M.S. in Ecology from UC Davis and participated in several marine research projects to the Arctic, Antarctic, across the Pacific, and in California, including seven years as a biologist on the Farallon Islands. While in California, he coauthored a book and several papers about the marine ecology of nesting seabirds and marine mammals. A certificated teacher, Bob taught science and math in WA public schools for 13 years. He is the former director of the Dungeness River Audubon Center, a community nature center in Sequim, WA. As Bird Count chair for Olympic Peninsula Audubon Society, he has compiled the annual Sequim-Dungeness Christmas Bird Count and the Clallam County International Migratory Bird Count for over 20 years, along with helping to organize several other citizen-science projects on the north Olympic Peninsula. He enjoys spectacular areas of the Pacific Northwest and lives on the shores of Dungeness Bay with his wonderful wife Barbara.

Contact: bboek@olympus.net

This is the fifth installment of The Future of Oceans lecture series.

This event is offered with generous support from the Darrow Family.

Assisted Listening Devices available